NESS - How to Write an Abstract

The abstract must be no more than 400 words, about half a page of single-spaced text. You must break down the abstract into five separate parts:

1. Statement of the Problem/Background
Make a brief explanation/statement about the background of the problem.

2. Research Question/Hypothesis
What is the hypothesis, or what is the problem you are trying to solve, or what is your scientific question? Why is it important? State this in one or two sentences.

3. Research Design/Methods Used in the Investigation
What methods did you use to solve or research the problem? How did you collect your data? How big was your sample size? What were the main outcome measurements? This will probably be the longest part of your abstract.

4. Results/Summary of the Investigation
Please state the summary of the results of your investigation. Was the data consistent with your hypothesis? If not, how did it differ? Describe the results.

5. Interpretation/Conclusion of the Investigation
What is your conclusion of the investigation/interpretation of the results? What are the implications of your results to the world of scientific inquiry? Three to five sentences should be enough to state your conclusion.

Re-read your research paper with the five parts in mind. Organize the information, keep your writing short, to the point, and proof-read before submitting.

Sample Abstracts (PDFs) (Click on the title)

2013 Ruth and William Silen, M.D. Awards Oral Presentation First Place
Angel Byrd, MD/PhD Candidate, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island
Abstract Title: “An Extracellular Matrix-based Mechanism of Rapid Neutrophil Extracellular Trap Formation in Response to C. albicans”

2013 Ruth and William Silen, M.D. Awards Poster Presentation First Place in Category: Microbiology, Immunology, Genetics, or Molecular Biology
Rodrigo Romero, Post-baccalaureate, Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Suffolk University, Boston, MA - 2011
Abstract Title: “Pharmacological and Genomic Profiling Identifies Deregulation of Classical and Alternative NFκB Signaling in Mantle Cell Lymphoma”

2013 Ruth and William Silen, M.D. Awards Poster Presentation First Place in Category: Cellular Biology, Neuroscience, Biochemistry, or Physiology
Theanne Griffith, PhD Candidate, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois
Abstract Title: “Structural Determinants Responsible for the Role of Neto Proteins as Kainate Receptor Auxiliary Subunits”

2013 Ruth and William Silen, M.D. Awards Poster Presentation First Place in Categories: Public Health, Epidemiology, or Biostatistics; Bioinformatics, Physics, Chemistry, or Engineering; and Clinical or Social Science (including Translational Research)
Share-Leigh Arneaud-Bernard, Community College Student. Roxbury Community College, Boston, Massachusetts
Abstract Title: “Reclassification of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma to Increase Treatment Efficacy"